تبیین الگوی حکمروایی خوب سیستم‌های غذای پایدار شهری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی- مستخرج از رساله

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی شهری، گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

10.22124/gscaj.2023.22592.1180

چکیده

مفهوم سیستمهای غذایی به‌عنوان چارچوبی راهنما برای تفکر استراتژیک به سمت دستیابی به غذای متنوع، ایمن و مغذی برای همه، در فرایند سیاستهای غذایی مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. سیستم‌های غذایی شامل تمامی بازیگران و فعالیت‌ها در طول زنجیره‌های ارزش جهانی، از جمله عرضة نهاده‌ها، تولید، فرآوری، توزیع، خرده‌فروشی، عمده‌فروشی، تهیة غذا و مصرف مواد غذایی، همراه با تأثیرات آنها بر محیط‌زیست، سلامت و جامعه است. تحقیق حاضر در زمره‌ی تحقیقات کیفی قرار دارد و مبتنی بر یافته‌های حاصل از مصاحبه‌های گروه‌ دلفی است. تعداد کارشناسان 25 نفر انتخاب شدند. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان می‌دهد شاخص های حکمروایی خوب که از فرآیند تحقیق استخراج شدند، شامل مشارکت، قانونمندی، پاسخگویی، شفافیت، تاب‌آوری و انعطاف‌پذیری، کارایی و اثربخشی، عدالت، جهت‌گیری توافقی، آینده‌نگری و مسئولیت‌پذیری بوده است. مضامین مرتبط با حکمروایی خوب سیستم‌های غذای پایدار شهری در چهار بعد پایداری نهادی، پایداری زیست‌محیطی، پایداری اقتصادی و پایداری اجتماعی به‌ دست آمد. بنابراین ترکیب شاخص‌های حکمروایی خوب و مضامین پایداری سیستم‌های غذای شهری، پیامدهایی مانند امنیت غذایی پایدار، مباحثی مانند امور زیست‌محیطی (فرسایش خاک و ...)؛ تغذیه و سلامت؛ امور اقتصادی(کارآیی و ...) و امور اجتماعی(برابری و ...) را در پی خواهد داشت. نتیجة تحقیق آن است که بدون کاربست حکمروایی خوب در مدیریت سیستم‌های غذایی، امکان برقراری عدالت و برابری غذایی و تحقق حق بر غذا وجود نخواهد داشت و سیاستگذاران در سطح جهانی، ملی و محلی با چالش‌های زیادی روبه‌رو خواهند شد. همچنین حکمروایی با سطح انعطاف‌پذیری و تاب‌آوری بالا، کارآمدترین شیوة مدیریتی است که سیستم‌های غذای جهانی را می‌تواند اداره کند.

تازه های تحقیق

- با استفاده از رویکرد سیستمی می‌توان به بررسی برنامه‌ریزی غذا پرداخت.

- ارزیابی پایداری نهادی به‌عنوان بعد جدید پایداری سیستم‌های غذای شهری مطرح است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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